Topic 2: Open Learning – MOOC

I think this is a very important topic and it is a good time to discuss it. It common in the first stage of the process of learning how to use MOOCs that people are confused and want to know how and where to start. I am personally interested in using MOOCs and I have the same question. Therefore, it is really a good chance to take this course (ONL 162) and learn about that. I have taken online course before but only as a student not as a teacher, so it is different now when I am the teacher and I would like to create my own course.

I think it is important to get the sources where you can start to create your own online course and get help from an experience person on how to apply it (such as the teachers and group leaders in ONL 162 course). When we create our MOOCs is it important to give attention to the content of the course and the target audience. However, before we start creating MOOCs we should have a good understanding of the concept MOOCs.

A Massive Open Online Course refers to ‘’an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web’’ (Andreas & Michael, 2016). In MOOCs usually teachers use instructive technology to deliver the course content or communicate with students instead of using the traditional course materials like readings, problem sets and filmed lectures. MOOCs is used in distance education that become popular nowadays. MOOCs usually use open licensing of content to reach large number of people. There are some MOOCs that have closed licenses for their course materials, however, they have free access for students to join the course.

Dave Cormier created the term MOOC after his analysis of the first MOOCs, called the Connectivism and Connected Knowledge course that run by George Siemens and Stephen Downes (Weller & Anderson, 2013). That experiment led to many other adoptions of MOOCs, for example two professors from Stanford University offered an open course, in Artificial Intelligence, in 2011 that attracted 100, 000 students (Weller & Anderson, 2013). That was followed by the course, called EdX, offered by Harvard and ITM universities. After that, Stanford founded Udacity, a commercial enterprise, to collaborate with a private sector partner called Coursera and many universities from all over the world to offer open online courses (Weller & Anderson, 2013).

Open online courses are open and available to all people through internet connection. It is supported by mediated interactions in different format such as text, video, multimedia and audio. It is a product of digital revolution (Weller & Anderson, 2013).

MOOCs are very important due to many reasons. One reason is the increasing size of the classrooms. That help the teachers to effectively teach and support the increasingly diverse student population. Additionally, a new approach is required in teaching in higher education nowadays due to the changes in the economy and changes in technology (Bates, 2015). For example, teachers can use multi-media and other resources to build high quality online courses (Bates, 2015).

In summary,  I have learned a lot about MOOCs and how to start my own course online in this course (ONL 162),


Bates, T. (2015). Teaching in a Digital Age: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning

Jordan, K. (2014). MOOC completion rates: the data. Katy Jordan, researching education and technology, Online at

Kaplan Andreas M., Haenlein Michael (2016) Higher education and the digital revolution: About MOOCs, SPOCs, social media, and the Cookie Monster, Business Horizons, Volume 59.

Weller, M., & Anderson, T. (2013). Digital resilience in higher education. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 16(1), 53.



2 thoughts on “Topic 2: Open Learning – MOOC

  1. Hi Aziza,

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts on MOOCs.
    You raise an important question in how teachers can interact with a large number of students and with a diverse background.
    This brings us, of course, to this weeks topic on how to create online collaboration and social interaction in online education.

    Great that you integrate your course literature as references in your blog.


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